OREMUS: 16 January 2008
steve.benner at oremus.org
Tue Jan 15 21:53:48 GMT 2008
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OREMUS for Wednesday, January 16, 2008
Charles Gore, Bishop, Founder of the Community of the Resurrection, 1932
O Lord, open our lips.
And our mouth shall proclaim your praise.
Blessed are you, God of wonderful knowledge,
whose voice calls each of us by name.
You confounded our expectation
by revealing yourself to the lowly
and you also confound our fear
that we may not be afraid
to face the powerful of this earth
with your word of judgment,
in the sure knowledge
that nothing spoken in your name will be lost.
For these and all your mercies, we praise you:
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit,
Blessed be God for ever!
An opening canticle may be sung.
Hear my teaching, O my people;*
incline your ears to the words of my mouth.
I will open my mouth in a parable;*
I will declare the mysteries of ancient times.
That which we have heard and known,
and what our forebears have told us,*
we will not hide from their children.
We will recount to generations to come
the praiseworthy deeds and the power of the Lord,*
and the wonderful works he has done.
He gave his decrees to Jacob
and established a law for Israel,*
which he commanded them to teach their children;
That the generations to come might know,
and the children yet unborn;*
that they in their turn might tell it to their children;
So that they might put their trust in God,*
and not forget the deeds of God,
but keep his commandments;
And not be like their forebears,
a stubborn and rebellious generation,*
a generation whose heart was not steadfast,
and whose spirit was not faithful to God.
The people of Ephraim, armed with the bow,*
turned back in the day of battle;
They did not keep the covenant of God,*
and refused to walk in his law;
They forgot what he had done,*
and the wonders he had shown them.
He worked marvels in the sight of their forebears,*
in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.
He split open the sea and let them pass through;*
he made the waters stand up like walls.
He led them with a cloud by day,*
and all the night through with a glow of fire.
He split the hard rocks in the wilderness*
and gave them drink as from the great deep.
He brought streams out of the cliff,*
and the waters gushed out like rivers.
But they went on sinning against him,*
rebelling in the desert against the Most High.
They tested God in their hearts,*
demanding food for their craving.
They railed against God and said,*
'Can God set a table in the wilderness?
'True, he struck the rock, the waters gushed out,
and the gullies overflowed;*
but is he able to give bread
or to provide meat for his people?'
When the Lord heard this, he was full of wrath;*
a fire was kindled against Jacob,
and his anger mounted against Israel;
For they had no faith in God,*
nor did they put their trust in his saving power.
So he commanded the clouds above*
and opened the doors of heaven.
He rained down manna upon them to eat*
and gave them grain from heaven.
So mortals ate the bread of angels;*
he provided for them food enough.
He caused the east wind to blow in the heavens*
and led out the south wind by his might.
He rained down flesh upon them like dust*
and winged birds like the sand of the sea.
He let it fall in the midst of their camp*
and round about their dwellings.
So they ate and were well filled,*
for he gave them what they craved.
But they did not stop their craving,*
though the food was still in their mouths.
So God's anger mounted against them;*
he slew their strongest men
and laid low the youth of Israel.
In spite of all this, they went on sinning*
and had no faith in his wonderful works.
So he brought their days to an end like a breath*
and their years in sudden terror.
Whenever he slew them, they would seek him,*
and repent and diligently search for God.
A Song of Praise (Revelation 4.11; 5.9b,10)
You are worthy, our Lord and God,
to receive glory and honour and power.
For you have created all things,
and by your will they have their being.
You are worthy, O Lamb, for you were slain,
and by your blood you ransomed for God
saints from every tribe and language and nation.
You have made them to be a kingdom and priests
serving our God,
and they will reign with you on earth.
Worship the Lord, O Jerusalem;*
praise your God, O Zion;
For he has strengthened the bars of your gates;*
he has blessed your children within you.
He has established peace on your borders;*
he satisfies you with the finest wheat.
He sends out his command to the earth,*
and his word runs very swiftly.
He gives snow like wool;*
he scatters hoarfrost like ashes.
He scatters his hail like bread crumbs;*
who can stand against his cold?
He sends forth his word and melts them;*
he blows with his wind and the waters flow.
He declares his word to Jacob,*
his statutes and his judgements to Israel.
He has not done so to any other nation;*
to them he has not revealed his judgements.
FIRST READING [1 Samuel 3.1 10, 19 20]:
Now the boy Samuel was ministering to the Lord under Eli. The word of the Lord was
rare in those days; visions were not widespread.
At that time Eli, whose eyesight had begun to grow dim so that he could not see, was
lying down in his room; the lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying
down in the temple of the Lord, where the ark of God was. Then the Lord called,
'Samuel! Samuel!' and he said, 'Here I am!' and ran to Eli, and said, 'Here I am, for
you called me.' But he said, 'I did not call; lie down again.' So he went and lay down.
The Lord called again, 'Samuel!' Samuel got up and went to Eli, and said, 'Here I am,
for you called me.' But he said, 'I did not call, my son; lie down again.' Now Samuel
did not yet know the Lord, and the word of the Lord had not yet been revealed to him.
The Lord called Samuel again, a third time. And he got up and went to Eli, and said,
'Here I am, for you called me.' Then Eli perceived that the Lord was calling the boy.
Therefore Eli said to Samuel, 'Go, lie down; and if he calls you, you shall say, "Speak,
Lord, for your servant is listening." ' So Samuel went and lay down in his place.
Now the Lord came and stood there, calling as before, 'Samuel! Samuel!' And Samuel
said, 'Speak, for your servant is listening.'
As Samuel grew up, the Lord was with him and let none of his words fall to the
ground. And all Israel from Dan to Beer-sheba knew that Samuel was a trustworthy
prophet of the Lord.
Words: James Drummond Burns, 1856
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Hushed was the evening hymn,
the temple courts were dark;
the lamp was burning dim
before the sacred ark;
when suddenly a voice divine
rang through the silence of the shrine.
The old man, meek and mild,
the priest of Israel, slept;
his watch the temple child,
the little Levite, kept;
and what from Eli's sense was sealed
the Lord to Hannah's son revealed.
O give me Samuel's ear,
the open ear, O Lord,
alive and quick to hear
each whisper of thy word,
like him to answer at thy call,
and to obey thee first of all.
O give me Samuel's heart,
a lowly heart, that waits
where in thy house thou art,
Or watches at thy gates;
by day and night, a heart that still
moves at the breathing of thy will.
O give me Samuel's mind,
a sweet unmurmuring faith,
obedient and resigned
to thee in life and death,
that I may read with child like eyes
truths that are hidden from the wise.
SECOND READING [Mark 1.29 39]:
As soon as they left the synagogue, they entered the house of Simon and Andrew, with
James and John. Now Simon's mother-in-law was in bed with a fever, and they told
him about her at once. He came and took her by the hand and lifted her up. Then the
fever left her, and she began to serve them.
That evening, at sunset, they brought to him all who were sick or possessed with
demons. And the whole city was gathered around the door. And he cured many who
were sick with various diseases, and cast out many demons; and he would not permit
the demons to speak, because they knew him.
In the morning, while it was still very dark, he got up and went out to a deserted place,
and there he prayed. And Simon and his companions hunted for him. When they found
him, they said to him, 'Everyone is searching for you.' He answered, 'Let us go on to
the neighbouring towns, so that I may proclaim the message there also; for that is what
I came out to do.' And he went throughout Galilee, proclaiming the message in their
synagogues and casting out demons.
The Benedictus (Morning),
the Magnificat (Evening), or
Nunc dimittis (Night) may follow.
from whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named,
we commend all your people
to your tender care and safekeeping.
Lord of mercy,
hear our prayer.
Protect all who are work in mines, tend machinery,
or travel by land, sea or air.
Defend those in mortal danger because of evil surrounding them.
Fill every hospital and nursing home
with your spirit of healing and love.
Lord of mercy,
hear our prayer.
Govern our nation and its leaders,
that all that mars our social life and causes misery may be relieved,
that each person may have access to work, homes, food and health care.
Lord of mercy,
hear our prayer.
Break down the suspicions and fears that keep the nations apart.
Rebuke those who foster prejudice.
Teach us all to live together in the peace of Jesus Christ.
Lord of mercy,
hear our prayer.
Grant to every member of your Church
the faith that removes obstacles,
the hope that makes all things new
and the love that brings deliverance,
that we more effectively serve you
and bring others to the knowledge of your truth.
Lord of mercy,
hear our prayer.
Fountain of all true and holy love,
give us such love that humility may be our sanctuary,
and your service the joy of our souls
until we come to that eternal life
where we maylive with you, our Strength and our Refuge. Amen.
O God, our heavenly Father,
who raised up your faithful servant Charles Gore
to be a bishop and pastor in your Church
and to feed your flock:
Give abundantly to all pastors
the gifts of your Holy Spirit,
that they may minister in your household
as true servants of Christ
and stewards of your divine mysteries;
through Jesus Christ our Lord,
who lives and reigns with you
and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. Amen.
Believing the promises of God,
let us pray as our Savior has taught us:
- The Lord's Prayer
Lift up the light of your countenance on us, O God.,
that we may be faithful to your commandments
and always do what is right and good;
through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
The psalms and the invitation to the Lord's Prayer are from _Celebrating Common
Prayer_ (Mowbray), (c) The Society of Saint Francis 1992, which is used with
The canticle is from _Common Worship: Daily Prayer, Preliminary
Edition_, copyright (c) The Archbishops' Council, 2002.
The biblical passage is from The New Revised Standard Version (Anglicized
Edition), copyright (c) 1989, 1995 by the Division of Christian Education
of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA. Used by
permission. All rights reserved.
The opening prayer of thanksgiving and the closing sentence are adapted from
_Celebrating the Christian Year_ (c) Canterbury Press, Norwich.
The intercession is adapted from _Prayers for Use in Church_, by J.W.G.
Masteron, (c) 1970, St. Andrew Press.
Charles Gore was born in Wimbledon in 1853 in an aristocratic family. After
the death of Edward Pusey (see BIO at 18 September), a library and study
center was established at Oxford in 1883, known as Pusey House, and Gore
became its first Principal, a position he held until 1893. His appointment raised
some eyebrows, since Gore was known to be friendly to what was called the
Higher Criticism, which favored non-traditional views on the authorship of
some books of the Old Testament.
In 1888 Gore wrote THE MINISTRY OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, a
book on the origins of the Christian Ministry and its development in the first
two centuries of the Christian era. In the same year, he wrote ROMAN
CATHOLIC CLAIMS, a reply to assertions that the Anglican Church was not
the true successor of the New Testament Church. In 1889, he helped to found
the Christian Social Union (he was one of the two Vice-Presidents), dedicated
to promoting the view that Christian principles as applied to the political and
economic organization of society demanded reform along trade-unionist and
moderate socialist lines. His political views aroused some public protest.
Considerably more protest was aroused, however, by the publication, also
in 1889, of a book called LUX MUNDI (meaning "Light of the World"): A
SERIES OF STUDIES IN THE RELIGION OF THE INCARNATION. The
book was a set of essays by various writers. Gore was the general editor, and
contributed one essay. Overall, the book expressed the belief of many educated
Christians that Biblical and archaeological studies and scientific discoveries had
made it necessary for the Church to re-examine and perhaps restate some of its
traditional formulations. The book was a sensation, and considered by many to
be less a restatement than an abandonment of traditional doctrines. Gore's
essay was called, "On the Inspiration of Holy Scripture." He distinguished
sharply between the Old and New Testaments, saying that the New Testament
accounts were either eye-witness or close to eye-witness accounts of the
events described, while we had reason to suppose that some Old Testament
accounts were written centuries after the event, and were not reliable sources
of factual detail. Their value is not as a revelation of historical of scientific
information, but as a revelation of God's nature and his dealings with us.
Earlier, in 1887, Gore had founded the Society of the Resurrection, an
association for priests, aimed at a deepening of the spiritual life. In July 1892
this became the Community of the Resurrection, a religious order for priests,
beginning with six members. The members declared their intention of
remaining celibate for life, but took vows of celibacy for only one year at a
time, rather than taking a vow binding for life.
In 1901 he wrote THE BODY OF CHRIST, dealing with the Sacrament of the
Lord's Supper, asserting and defending the doctrine that Christ is objectively
present in the Sacrament, and that the Sacrament is a sacrificial offering, but
repudiating certain late mediaeval innovations in worship, such as Processions
of the Sacrament, unknown to the Primitive Church.
As tension increased between the British government and the Boer republics of
South Africa, Gore denounced British Imperialism, and when war began in
1899 he denounced the British policy of rounding up Boer civilians in
detention camps, where the mortality rate was very high. Gore was
consecrated Bishop of Worcester in February 1902. The diocese included the
city of Birmingham, which had been tiny or non-existent when the dioceses of
England were organized, but which had grown to become a large industrial
city. Gore saw that the needs of Birmingham and of the surrounding rural areas
were quite different, and immediately began to urge a division. Chamberlain,
who had come to respect and admire Gore, helped steer the necessary
legislation through Parliament. In 1905 Birmingham was organized as a
separate bishopric and Gore became its first bishop. In 1911 he was transferred
and became Bishop of Oxford instead. In the next few years, several Anglican
clergy publicly declared that an Anglican might reasonably deny the Virgin
Birth and the physical Resurrection of Christ and remain an Anglican. Gore
was horrified, and proposed to resign his bishopric so as to devote himself to
contending against a position that he believed to be destructive of all Christian
faith. His friends persuaded him to reconsider.
After World War I, Gore resigned his bishopric and retired in July 1919, being
66 years old. He was flooded with invitations to speak or preach and published
several books. In November of 1930, he began a six-month tour of India,
preaching and lecturing pretty much in every district in the country, "speaking
whenever he was not walking, riding, or sleeping." He returned home totally
exhausted. From then on his health deteriorated. In January 1932 he acquired a
sever cough, and then pneumonia. On Friday 15 he was still able to write a few
postcards to friends. Then he fell into a coma, and died on the morning of
Sunday 17 January 1932. His influence remains great. [James Kiefer, abridged]
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